Thirty years of waiting: bereaved families launch the Chinook Justice Campaign

"Stone memorial to fallen soldiers.

This weekend marks thirty years since the fatal crash of a Royal Air Force Chinook helicopter on the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland, on 2nd June 1994. The crash of the RAF Mark 2 Chinook – serial number ZD 576 – resulted in the deaths of all twenty-five passengers and four crew on board. There were no survivors.

The passengers included experts from the Security Services, the Royal Ulster Constabulary and the British Army. On board were the majority of the UK’s senior Northern Ireland intelligence and counter-terrorism experts at the time. It remains one of the RAF’s worst ever peacetime disasters.

Today, Friday 31st May 2024, to mark the anniversary, sixteen bereaved families announce that they have joined together to form the Chinook Justice Campaign. The Chinook Justice Campaign seeks access and answers: access to all the key documents, and answers about their loved ones deaths.

After thirty years, the families of those who tragically lost their lives are still searching for answers about what happened to their loved ones. Although there have been a number of investigations and processes since 1994, many fundamental questions remain unanswered for the bereaved families. The two dead pilots, Flight Lieutenants Richard Cook and Jonathan Tapper, were wrongly accused of gross negligence. It was only after a 17-year campaign for justice by the pilots’ families that the UK Government finally overturned the verdict. 

The circumstances of the crash and the investigations that followed it have recently been depicted in a two-part BBC documentary ‘Chinook: Zulu Delta 576’, available on BBC iplayer. It was from this documentary, rather than any official communication, that many families of those who died found out that official documents related to the crash have been sealed by the UK Government for 100 years, until 2094. 

Explaining the importance of the Chinook Justice Campaign, Matthew Tobias, son of Lieutenant Colonel John Tobias MBE who was killed in the crash, said:

“I was only a child when my father died in June 1994. In the 30 years since, there have been subsequent inquiries that have not fully answered our concerns around what happened on that night and why, which have led to many unanswered questions.

It is shocking that key papers have been sealed until 2094, when all bereaved family members are unlikely to still be alive to see them. The Chinook Justice Campaign has been formed so that the families can work together to secure answers we have been awaiting for three decades.”

Matthew Tobias was aged ten when his father was killed. He is now 40.

The Chinook Justice Campaign has appointed a legal team at Howard Kennedy and Doughty Street Chambers, headed by solicitor Mark Stephens CBE of Howard Kennedy and barrister Caoilfhionn Gallagher KC of Doughty Street Chambers, working with barristers Jonathan Price and Sam Jacobs and Partner Tim Bignell.  

Welcoming the new campaign, Mark Stephens CBE said:

“As anyone who suffers a bereavement will know, having answers as to how your loved ones have died is a basic human need, and that is why the law enshrines that right. But in this outlier of a case the families have been denied the solace that comes with understanding. 30 years on the families have not had their right to answers that will allow them to begin to heal. The injustice they have endured has now been passed to the children of the deceased who - 30 years on - still don’t know why or how their parents met their end.

In the absence of proper explanations, conspiracy theories and disinformation have filled the vacuum, only causing further anguish and pain from speculation. As is their legal entitlement the families want and deserve accurate facts to fill the void currently filled by speculation. There has so far been no full review of the facts and circumstances leading to these deaths. After so long they deserve the information to which the law entitles them.”

Caoilfhionn Gallagher KC added:

“All too often we see bereaved families and victims of injustice left for decades without answers to fundamental questions about what went wrong and why: the Hillsborough Disaster, the Stardust Fire, the Post Office Scandal, the Infected Blood Inquiry. Thirty years ago, on 2nd June 1994, 29 people went to work and never came home to their families. The processes which have taken place since – including the RAF Board of Inquiry, the Fatal Accident Inquiry in Scotland and the Mull of Kintyre Review chaired by Lord Philip – have only managed to establish what did not happen, not what did happen, and why. There has never been an independent, effective investigation, open to public scrutiny and with the bereaved families’ meaningful involvement, which establishes answers to basic questions such as what was known prior to the crash as to the safety of the Mark 2 Chinook. And now the key documents have been sealed away for a century, until 2094. 

The loss of a loved one is devastating in any circumstances, but when it is an unexpected death, followed by decades of unanswered questions, and a lack of transparency, it compounds the grief and distress of the bereaved, and simply adds to the unanswered questions. It is long past time to give the families what they seek: access to the documents, and answers. The Chinook Justice Campaign will be seeking the release of the sealed documents as a priority after the General Election. Whoever is in Number 10 Downing Street next month, we urge them to finally do the right thing by these families and by the 29 victims who dedicated their lives to serving their country.” 

Anyone affected by the crash who wishes to join the Chinook Justice Campaign, or learn more about it, is welcome to contact Mark Stephens CBE and Tim Bignell, Howard Kennedy at

We ask that the privacy of the bereaved families is respected and that any press queries about the Chinook Justice Campaign are directed to or

The Chinook Justice Campaign is dedicated to the memory of the passengers and crew of ZD576:

Richard Allen 
Christopher John Biles 
Dennis Stanley Bunting 
Desmond Patrick Conroy 
Richard David Cook 
Martin George Dalton 
Philip George Davidson 
Stephen Davidson 
John Robert Deverell 
Christopher John Dockerty 
John Charles Brian Fitzsimons 
Graham William Forbes 
Robert Patrick Foster 
Richard Lawrence Gregory-Smith 
William Rutherford Gwilliam 
Kevin Andrew Hardie 
John Stuart Haynes 
Anthony Robert Hornby 
Anne Catherine James 
Kevin Michael Magee 
Michael Bruce Maltby 
Maurice McLaughlin Neilly 
John Turbitt Phoenix 
Roy Pugh 
Stephen Lewis Rickard 
Gary Paul Sparks 
Jonathan Paul Tapper 
John Tobias 
George Victor Alexander Williams 

To learn more about the Mull of Kintyre Chinook accident on June 2, 1994, click here


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